Department of Surgery
School of Medicine Queen's University
 

Dr John Drover

Dr John Drover General SurgeonUniversity Position:
Professor
Chair and Medical Director of the Critical Care Program

Current Appointment:
Attending Staff, Kingston General Hospital
Attending Staff, Hotel Dieu Hospital
Medical Coordinator, Kingston Regional Bariatric Assessment and Treatment Center

Areas of Clinical Interest:

Critical Care and Trauma


Areas of Research Interest:

Nutrition, Critical Care Management, Tracheotomy, Trauma


Contact Information:

Davies 2
Kingston General Hospital
Kingston, ON
K7L 2V7
Tel: (613) 549-6666 ext 6335
Fax: (613) 548-1325

Click here to email Dr Drover


Residency:
   1984-85    Dalhousie University Integrated Rotating Internship
   1988-91    Residency, General Surgery, Queen's University
   1991-92    Chief Resident, General Surgery, Queen's University
   1992-94    Critical Care Medicine, Queen's University
   1994          Senior Registrar, ICU (Consultant: Dr David J Bihari) Guy's Hospital, London, UK


Medical School Graduation:
   1984        Medical Doctor, Dalhousie University


Additional Training:
   1984        ACLS
   1986        ATLS Provider Course
   1992        ATLS Provider Course
   1992        Pediatric Advanced Life Support
   1993        Teaching Improvement Program System (TIPS)
   1993        ATLS Instructor
   1997        ATLS Instructor Update
   2002        Physician Manager Institute, Part 1
   2002        Physician Manager Institute, Part 2
   2005        Physician Manager Institute, Part 3
   2005        Physician Manager Institute, Part 4
   2007        Physician Manager Institute, Part 5, Strategic Thinking
   2011        Physician Manager Institute, Dollars and Sense


Degrees/Certificates:
   1980        B.Sc., Acadia University
   1984        M.D., Dalhousie University
   1992        FRCSC - General Surgery
   1994        Critical Care Medicine (Adult), Queen's University
   2001        FACS (Fellow American College of Surgeons)
   2012        CCPE (Canadian Certified Physician Executive)


Licenses:
   1984-85  Education License, Nova Scotia Medical College
   1985        Licentiate of the Medical Council of Canada (#59049)
   1985-92  General License, College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario
   1992-       Specialty License, College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario

Professional and Society Memberships:

   1984        Canadian Medical Association (to present day)
   1985        Ontario Medical Association
   1992        Canadian Association of General Surgeons
   1992        Royal College of Physicians of Canada
   1994        Canadian Critical Care Society
   1994        European Society of Intensive Care Medicine
   1998        Ontario Association of General Surgeons
   2001        American College of Surgeons
   2001        Canadian Society for Clinical Nutrition (until 2009)
   2002        Canadian Society of Physician Executives
   2003        Canadian Critical Care Trials Group
   2006        American Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
   2009        Canadian Nutrition Society
   2012        European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

Awards and Distinctions:
   1977        W.F. Patterson Scholarship four year renewable entrance scholarship, Acadia University
   1978        Gibson Biology Prize, Acadia University
   1978        Dean's List, Acadia University
   1980        University Scholar, Acadia University
   1983        Morris and Sarah Gold Award for contribution to medical literature, Dalhousie University
   1983        Commonwealth Medical Electives Bursary
   1984        Gold  D  award for contribution to medical school activities, Dalhousie Univ.
   1992        William Ersil Research Award (3rd Prize)
   1992        CAGS and Merck Frosst Resident Award for Teaching Excellence
   1996        Education Award, Department of Surgery, Queen's University
   1997        Education Award, Department of Surgery, Queen's University
   2003        Phase 2B Clinical Skills Teaching Award, Queen's University
   2004        Phase 2C Clinical Skills Teaching Award, Queen's University
   2010        Excellence in Clinical Teaching Award, Term 3
   2011        Excellence in Clinical Teaching Award, Term 4
   2011        KGH Team Award for Leadership (inaugural) to the Critical Care Program
                    Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Committee
   2012        Best Use of Specialties Unit Administrators, RCPSC


Other Activities:
   1980-       
Member, Phi Rho Sigma Medical Society

   1981-82
Treasurer, Phi Rho Sigma Medical Society

   1982   
Member, President'  s Committee to Review the Office of the Dean of Medicine

   1982   
Delegate, Annual General Meeting, Canadian Federation of Medical Students, Toronto, Ontario

   1982       
Delegate, Biennial Convention, Phi Rho Sigma, Indianapolis, Indiana

   1982-83   
President, Dalhousie Medical Students'   Society

   1983-
Member, Alpha Omega Alpha Honour Medical Society

   1983.84
President, Alpha Omega Alpha Honour Medical Society

   1983-84
Medical Education Representative, Class of 1984

   1983-84   
Member, Undergraduate Medical Education Committee

   1983-84   
Member, Intern Training Committee
               
   1995-91
Member, Lennox & Addington County Medical Association

   1986-87   
Chairperson, Emergency Committee Lennox & Addington County General Hospital

   1986-87   
Medical Representative, Lennox & Addington County Child Sexual Abuse Protocol Ctte

   1986-88
Chairperson, Obstetrics Committee Lennox & Addington County General Hospital

   1987-88   
Vice-President, Medical Staff, Lennox & Addington County General Hospital

   1987-88   
Medical Representative, Board of Governors, Lennox & Addington County General Hospital

   1989-90   
Member, Workload Committee, Professional Association of Interns and Residents of Ontario

   1988-91   
General Council Member, Professional Association of Interns and Residents of Ontario

   2011-
Team Physician, Queen's University, Men's Hockey


Administrative Responsibilities and Committee Memberships:
University
2004-2009        Deputy Head, Department of Surgery, Queen's University
1994-2003        Assistant Professor, Queen's University
2002-                 Chair and Program Medical Director, Critical Care Program
1997-2002        Program Director: Critical Care Medicine Training Program, Queen's Univ   
1997-2002        Postgraduate Medical Education Committee                   
1994-                 Member:  Critical Care Medicine Residency Training Committee
2009                  Member, Advisory Committee on the Human Mobility Research Centre
2008-2009        Member, Search Committee for Head, Department of Surgery
2011                  Acting Vice-Dean Clinical (Feb-June)


Faculty/School
1997-2002      Chair:  Critical Care Medicine Residency Program Committee       
2000                 SEAMO "Time Off"   Committee
2005-2007      Chair: LCME Accreditation Task Force
2010-               Director, Accreditation and Quality Improvement, School of Medicine
2010                Member, Curriculum Committee, UGME
2010                Member, MD Program Executive Committee
2011-               Member, Curriculum and Faculty Review Committee
2012-               Member, Education Advisory Board, PGME


Hospital/Health Agency
1995-             Chair:  Nutritional Support Working Group       
1999-2002    Member:  Anesthesia Drug Working Group       
1994-2006    Member:  Pharmaceuticals and Therapeutics  Committee           
1994-             Member:  KGH Trauma Team           
1994-             Member:  ICU Co-Directors               
1996-1999    Member:  Emergency Procedures Advisory Committee           
1995-1996    Member:  Disaster Response Committee               
1996-1997    Chair:  Quality Assurance Utilization Committee               
1995-1997    Member:  Nursing Products Evaluation and Standardization Committee   
1996-1997    Ex-officio Member:  Patient Care and Service Quality Committee       
1997-1999    Member:  Academic Critical Care Committee               
1994-1996    Member:  CPR Working Group
2004-2005    Co-chair, Organ and Tissue Donation Committee
2005              Member, Conference Planning Committee, Kingston Wound Care Conf.
2009-2010    Incident Commander, Incident Management System, Tri-Hospital Pandemic Response
                       Team (H1N1 Pandemic response)
2009-2011    Member OSOS Steering Committee
2011-             Chair, Order Set Committee
2011-             Medical Coordinator, Kingston Bariatric Regional Assessment and Treatment Center,
                       Hotel Dieu Hospital

Department:
2000-             Member:  ICU Research Exec. Committee       
1999-             Member:  Continuing Professional Development Planning Comm. for ICU   
1999-2000    Member:  ICU Functional Planning Committee               
1996-1999    Member:  Radiology Users Advisory Group                   
1998-1999    Service Chief, CTU #3                   
1995-1997    Chair:  Continuous Improvement Committee
2004-2009    Chair, Surgical Council, Department of Surgery
2004-2009    Ex-officio member, Finance Committee, Department of Surgery   


External
1997-2002    Member, Specialty Committee for Critical Care Medicine, RCPSC
2000-2006    Member, Nucleus Committee for Critical Care Medicine, RCPSC
2000-             Member, Executive Board, Canadian Critical Care Society
2001-2004    Member, CAGS Subcommittee for Critical Care, Trauma, Nutrition/Infection
2002-             Member, Ontario District #1 Committee on Applicants of the American College of
                       Surgeons
2003-2004    Member, Nominating Committee, Canadian Association of General Surgeons.
2004-2009    Member, Critical Care Medicine Royal College Examination Committee
2004-2009    Councillor, Advisory Board, Canadian Society for Clinical Nutrition
2004-2008    Councillor, Conference Planning Committee, Canadian Society for Clinical Nutrition.
2004-2007    Chair, CAGS Subcommittee for Critical Care, Trauma, Nutrition and Infection
2004-2007    Member, CAGS Board of Directors
2006-2007    Member, CAGS Clinical Practice  Committee
2007-             Member, Editorial Board, Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
2008-             Chair, Specialty Committee for Critical Care Medicine, RCPSC
2008-2009    Member, Advisory Group for Merger of Canadian Society for Clinical Nutrition and
                       Canadian Society of Nutrition Scientists
2009-             Member, Advisory Council, Canadian Nutrition Society
2009-             Member, Resources Committee, Canadian Nutrition Society
2010-             Member, Acute Care Surgery Committee, CAGS
2012-             Member, Advisory Board, Ontario Bariatric Network


Research Grants Awarded:
Critical Care Knowledge Translation Network, Canadian Institutes for Health Research Network
Catalyst Grant Competition.
Funding: $599,611
Sponsor: CIHR
Principle Investigator: John Muscedere
Role: Co-applicant
Year: 2012

DMED-1358-11 - "Evaluation Processes of Care in the Intensive Care Unit Through an
Interprofessional Collaborative Practice Model (ICPM): Impact on Patient Outcomes, Patient and
Family Satisfaction, Organizational Culture, and Patient Safety Climate"
Funding: unfunded
Sponsor: NA
Role: Co-Investigator
Year: 2011-2012

DMED-1321-10 - "A Multicenter, Cluster Randomized Trial of Enhanced Protein-Energy Provision via the Enteral Route Feeding Protocol in Critically Ill Patients: The PEP uP Protocol"
Funding: $537,469.70
Sponsor: CERU, Nestle
Role: Sub-Investigator
Year: 2010-2012

DMED-1332-10 - "Age of Blood Evaluation (ABLE) Trial in the Resuscitation of Critically Ill Patients"
Funding: $12,817.50
Sponsor: CIHR, CHU Ste-Justine
Role: Sub-Investigator
Year: 2011-

DMED-1383-11 - "OASIS-A Phase 2/3 Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled Study of the
Safety and Efficacy of Talactoferrin Alfa in Patients with Severe Sepsis"
Funding: $18,714.48
Sponsor: Agennix
Role: Sub-Investigator
Year: 2011-2012

DMED-1499-12 - "Neutrophil Gelatinase Associated Lipocalin (NGAL) to Predict Adverse Events in Acute Kidney Injury"
Funding: $7,500.00
Sponsor: Dr. Ron Wald, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto
Year: 2012

ART 123 Study.  A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Phase 2B Study to Asess the Safety and Efficacy Effects of ART-123 on Disseminated intravascular Coagulation, Protocol number:  2-001.
Funding:
Sponsor:  Artisan
Role:  Co-Investigator
Year:  2008

Survival Using Glucose Algorithm Regulation (SUGAR) in Collaboration with Normoglycaemia in Intensive Care Evaluation (the NICE-SUGAR Study)
Funding:  CIHR
Sponsor: Canadian Critical Care Trials Group
Role:  Principal Investigator
Year:  2007

Assessment of Glycemic Protocol & a Continuous Monitoring System in Critically Ill Patients.
Funding:
Sponsor:
Role:  Co-Investigator
Year:  2006

The REDOXS study.  A randomized trial of glutamine and antioxidant supplementation in critically ill patients.
Funding: CIHR
Sponsor: Fresenius
Role: Co-Investigator
Year: 2006

Prophylaxis for ThromboEmbolism in Critical Care Trial (PROTECT Study).
Funding:  CIHR
Sponsor: Canadian Critical Care Trials Group
Role:  Co-Investigator
Year:  2006

A phase 3, multicenter, randomized, double blind, comparative study of the efficacy and safety of tigecycline vs. imipenem/cilastin for the treatment of subjects with nosocomial pneumonia.
Funding: Wyeth Canada
Sponsor: Wyeth Canada
Role: Co-Investigator
Year: 2005

Canadian ICU Infection Survey ? Protocol MYC-001
Funding:
Sponsor: Fujisawa Canada
Role:  Principle Investigator
Year: 2004

A Phase 3 Multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, three-arm study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of tifacogin administration in subjects with community acquired pneumonia.
Funding:
Sponsor:  Chrion
Role:  Co-Investigator
Year: 2004-

Venticute rSP-C surfactant in patients with pneumonia or aspiration of gastric contents leading to intubation, mechanical ventilation and severe oxygenation impairment (VALID)
Funding:
Sponsor: Altana
Role:  Co-Investigator
Year: 2004

Randomized trial of standard feeding tubes vs. frictional feeding tubes in the ICU.
Funding: $15,000.00
Sponsor: CTAQ Endowment Fund
Role: Principle Investigator
Year: 2004

A randomized trial of educational interventions in implementing clinical practice guidelines for nutrition support in the critically ill.
Sponsor: Canadian Intensive Care Foundation (2003)
Funding: $24,000.00
Sponsor: CTAQ Endowment Fund (2003)
Funding: $18,000
Role: Co-Investigator
Year: 2004

F1K-MC-EVCL: Efficacy and safety of drotrecogin alfa (activated) in adult patients with early severe sepsis.
Funding: 18,228.00
Sponsor: Eli Lilly Canada
Role: Co-Investigator
Year: 2002-2003

Canadian Critical Care Outreach Program
Funding: nil
Role: Principle Investigator
Year: 2003

HL-10 Three doses in ALI/ARDS
Funding: 24,100.00
Sponsor: Leo Pharma
Role: Co-Investigator
Year: 2003-2005

A Multicenter, Double-Blind, Randomized, Comparison Study Of the Efficacy and Safety Of Tigecycline To Imipenem/Cilastatin To Treat Complicated Intra-Abdominal Infections In Hospitalized Subjects.
Funding: 29,073.60
Sponsor:  Wyeth Ayerst
Role: Principle Investigator
Year: 2003- 2004

An open label study (EVCF) of recombinant human activated protein C in severe sepsis (A phase 3b clinical trial)
Funding: 18,318.00
Sponsor:  Eli Lily
Role: Co-Investigator
Year: 2001-2003

A Phase 3 Study to Demonstrate the Safety and Efficacy of Recombinant Platelet activating Factor Acetyladase (rPAF-AH) for reducing 28 day all cause mortality in patients with severe sepsis. Pafase
Funding: 53,557.78
Sponsor: ICOS
Role: Co-Investigator
Year: 2001-2003

Multicenter, double blind, placebo controlled, randomized, phase 3 study of tifacogen [recombinant tissue factor pathway inhibitor (rTFPI/SC-59735)] in severe sepsis.
Funding:  205,540.90
Sponsor:  Chiron
Role: Co-Investigator
Year:  2001

Venticute (rSP-C Surfactant) for the treatment of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS):  A randomized, multinational, multicenter, parallel group, double blind, controlled study.
Funding:  $55,500.00
Sponsor:  BYK
Role: Co-Investigator
Year:  2000-2001

A phase III study to determine the efficacy and safety for recombinant human activated protein C (rhAPC) EVAD in severe sepsis.
Funding:  $67,187.75
Sponsor:  ELI LILLY
Role: Co-Investigator
Year: 2000

A randomized, double-blind, multicenter study comparing the efficacy and safety of piperacillin/taxobactam and impenem/cilistatin administered intravenously every 6 hours to treat nosocomial pneumonia in hospitalized patients.
Funding:  $42,977.12
Sponsor:  Wyeth-Ayerst
Role: Co-Investigator
Year:  199-2000

A multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study of filigastrim in the treatment of patients with pneumonia and severe sepsis.
Funding:  $98,084.27
Sponsor:  Amgen
Role: Co-Investigator
Year: 1998-1999

A randomized, placebo-controlled trial of MAK195F (monoclonal antibody against tumour necrosis factor) in sepsis with hyperinflammatory responses.
Funding: $420,000.00
Sponsor:  KNOLL
Role: co-investigator
Year: 1996-1999

A multicenter, randomized, controlled trial of transfusion requirements in critical care. 
Funding:  $25,250.00
Role: Co-Investigator
Year: 1997

Total Funding from industry-sponsored research activities:  $2,323,930.10

Research Steering Committees:
The REDOXS study. A randomized trial of glutamine and antioxidant supplementation in critically ill
patients. 2007-1012.

Critical Care Knowledge Translation Network 2012-


Bibliography/Journals:
Drover, JW,  Casper RF (1982).  Initiation of parturition in humans.  Canadian Medical Association Journal 1982; 128: 287-392.

Drover JW, Nguyen KT, Pace RF.  Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a patient with situs inversus vicerum:  A case report.  Canadian Journal of Surgery 1992; 35: 65-66.

Smith GN, Drover JW, Non-Obstetrical surgery in the pregnant patient. Journal of the SOGC 1996; 18: 997-1007.

Heyland DK, MacDonald S, Keefe L , Drover JW:  Total Parenteral Nutrition in the Critically Ill Patient.  A Meta-analysis.  JAMA.  1998; 280:  2013-1019.

Deegan H, Dent S, Heyland DK, Keefe L, Drover JW.   Supplemental parenteral nutrition in the critically ill patient:  A retrospective study. Clinical Intensive Care 1999;10:  131-136.

Heyland DK, MacDonald S, Keefe L, Drover JW: Effect Total Parenteral Nutrition in the Critically Ill Patient:  A systematic Review of the Literature.  Crit Care Int. 1999; 9:  10-12.

Novak, F. Avenell, A. Heyland, DK. Croal, BL. Drover, JW. Jain, M. Noble, D. Su, X. Glutamine supplementation for critically ill adults. [Protocol] Cochrane Anaesthesia Group Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.  Issue 2, 2001.

Heyland DK, Montalvo M, MacDonald S, Keefe L,  Drover JW:  Total Parenteral Nutrition in the Surgical Patient:  a Meta-analysis.  Can J Surg 2001; 44: 102-111.

Heyland DK, Novak F, Drover JW, Jain MK, Suchner U.  Should immunonutrition become routine in critically ill patients: A systematic review of the evidence. JAMA. 2001;286:944-953

Heyland DK, Drover JW, MacDonald S, Novak F, Lam M.  Effect of post-pyloric feeding on gastroesophageal regurgitation and pulmonary microaspiration:  Results of a randomized controlled trial. Critical Care Medicine 2001;29:1495-1501

Kindopp SA, Drover JW, Heyland DK.  Capnography confirms correct feeding tube placement in intensive care unit patients. Can J Anesth 2001; 48: 705-710

Wright F, Heyland DK, Drover JW, MacDonald S, Zoutman D.  Antibiotic-coated central lines:  Do they work in the critical care setting? Clinical Intensive Care 2001, 12: 21-28.

Drover JW, Dhaliwal R, Heyland DK. Post pyloric enteral feeding: Not all it is cracked up to be! International Journal of Intensive Care 2002, 9: 139-145.

Henteleff HJA, Drover JW for Members of the CAGS Evidence Based Reviews in Surgery Group. Canadian Association of General Surgeons Evidence Based Reviews in Surgery. Helical computed tomography versus pulmonary arteriography in pulmonary embolism. Canadian Journal of Surgery 2002; 45: 373-375.

Novak F, Heyland DK, Avenell A, Drover JW, Su X. Glutamine supplementation in serious illness: A systematic review of the evidence. Crit Care Med 2002; 30: 2022-2029.

Heyland DK, Drover JW, Dhaliwal R, Greenwood J. Optimizing the Benefits and Minnimizing the Risks of Enteral Nutrition in the Critically Ill: Role of Small Bowel Feeding. JPEN 2002:26:S51-57.

Heyland DK, Schroter-Noppe D, Drover JW, Jain M, Keefe L, Dhaliwal R, Day A. Nutrition support in the critical care setting: Current Practice in Canadian ICUs- Opportunities for Improvement? JPEN 2003; 27: 74-83.

Sharpe MD, Parnes LS, Drover JW, Harris C. Translaryngeal tracheostomy: experience of 340 cases. Laryngscopy 2003; 113: 530-536.

Heyland DK, Dhaliwal R, Drover JW, Gramlich L, Dodek P and the Canadian Critical Care Clinical Practice Guidelines Committee. Canadian Clinical Practice Guidelines for Nutrition Support in Mechanically Ventilated, Critically Ill Adult Patients. J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2003; 27: 355-373.

Bourgault AM, Heyland DK, Drover JW, Keefe L, Newman P, Day AG. Prophylactic pancreatic enzymes to reduce feeding tube occlusions. NCP 2003; 18: 398-401.

Heyland DK, Dhaliwal R, Drover JW. Nutrition support in mechanically ventilated, critically ill adult patients: Are we ready for evidence based practice guidelines? NCP 2004; 19: 193-200.

Snelling CMH, Poenaru D, Drover JW. Minimum postoperative antibiotic duration in advanced appendicitis in children: a review. Pediatric Surgery International 6 Oct 2004 (online): http://www.springerlink.com/index/10.1007/s00383-004-1280-x

Heyland DK, Dhaliwal R, Day AG, Jain MK, Drover JW. Validation of the Canadian Clinical Practice Guidelines for Nutrition Support in Mechanically Ventilated, Critically Ill Adult Patients: Results of a Prospective Observational Study. Crit Care Med 2004; 32: 2260-2266.

Bardell T, Drover JW. Recent developments in percutaneous tracheostomy: Improving techniques and expanding roles. Current Opinion in Critical Care 2005; 10: 326-332.

Robertson D, Drover JW. Nutrition in Surgical Patients. Current Topics in Nutrition September, 2005; 1(3).

Drover JW (secondary review committee) Guidelines for the use of hypothermia after cardiac arrest. Canadian Association of Emergency Physicans and the CAEP Critical Care Committee. Can J Emerg Med 2006; 8: 106-115.

Heyland DK, Dhaliwal R, Day A, Muscedere J, Drover JW, Suchner U, Cook D. Reducing Deaths due to Oxidative Stress (The REDOXS© Study): rationale and study design for a randomized trial of glutamine and antioxidant supplementation in critically ill patients. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 2006; 65: 250-263.

Jain MK, Dhaliwal R, Day A, Drover JW, Gelula M, Keefe L, Heyland DK. Dissmeniation of Canadian Clinical Practice Guidelines for Nutrition Support: Results of Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial. Crit Care Med, 2006; 34: 2362-2369.

Heyland DK, Dhaliwal R, Day A, Drover JW, Cote H, Wischmeyer P. Optimizing the dose of glutamine dipeptides and antioxidants in critically ill patients: A phase 1 dose finding study. JPEN, 2007; 31:109-118.

Dhaliwal R, Muscedere J, Drover JW, Heyland DK. Feasibility of the REDOXS Study: Reducing Deaths due to Oxidative Stress. A Randomized Pilot Trial of Glutamine and Antioxidant
Supplementation in Critically Ill Patients. Critical Care 2007; 11(Suppl 2): 154.

Cheung CZ, Alibhai SM, Robinson M, Tomlinson G, Chittock D, Drover JW, Skrobik Y. Recognition and labeling of delirium by intensivists: Does it matter? Intensive Care Med, 2008; 34: 437-446.

Brasel K, Drover JW, Eastman B for Members of the CAGS Evidence Based Reviews in Surgery Group. Canadian Association of General Surgeons Evidence Based Reviews in Surgery. Recombinant Factor VIIa Adjunctive Therapy for Bleeding Control in Severely Injured Trauma Patients: Two Parallel Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind Clinical Trials. J Am Coll Surg 2008; 206: 585-588.

Heyland DK, Cahill NE, Dhaliwal R, Wang M, Day AG, Alenzi A, Aris F, Muscedere J, Drover JW, McClave SA. Enhanced energy-protein provision via the enteral route in critically ill patients: a single center feasibility trial of the PEP uP protocol. Critical Care 2010, 14:R78.

Drover JW, Cahill NE, Kutsogiannis J, Pagliarello G, Wischmeyer P, Wang M, Day AG, Heyland DK. Nutrition Therapy for the Critically Ill Patient: We Need to do Better! Journal of Parenteral and Enteral
Nutrition 2010; 34: 644-652.

Drover JW, Dhaliwal R, Weitzel L, Wischmeyer PE, Ochoa JB, Heyland DK. The perioperative use of arginine supplemented diets: A systematic review. J Am Coll Surg, 2011; 212: 385-399.

Heyland DK, Muscedere J, Drover JW, Xuran J, Day AG. Persistent Organ Dysfunction (PODS) plus Death: A novel, composite outcome measure for critical care trials. Critical Care, 2011; 15: R98

Kushner RF, Drover JW. Current Strategies of Critical Care Assessment and Therapy of the Obese Patient. (Hypocaloric Feeding): What are we doing and what do we need to do? Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, 2011; 35: 36S-43S.

Dickerson RN, DroverJW. Monitoring Nutrition Therapy in the Critically Ill Obese Patient. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, 2011; 35: 44S-51S.

McClave SA, Kushner RF, Van Way CW, Cave MC, DeLegge MH, DiBiase JK, Dickerson RN, Drover JW, Frasier TH, Fujioa K, Gallagher D, Hurt RT, Kaplan LM, Kiraly LN, Martindale R, McClain CJ, Ochoa J. Summation Recommendations and Future Considerations. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, 2011; 88S-96S.

Lapinsky SE, Hallett D, Collop N, Drover JW, Lavercombe P, Leeman M, Moola S, Paruk F, Bernstein M, Moodley J. Evaluation of standard and modified severity of illness scores in the obstetric patient. Journal of Critical Care, 2011: 26: 535 e1-7


Bibliography/Books and Chapters:
Drover JW, Iliescu EA, Heyland DK. Nutrition in the intensive care unit. In: Murray PT, Brady HR, Hall JB eds. Intensive Care in Nephrology, London and New York: Taylor and Francis, 2006.

Drover JW. Gastric versus Post-pyloric feeding. In: Gastroenterology Clinics of North America, McClave SA editor. October, (17) 765-775, 2007.


Letters:
Heyland DK, Drover JW, Aitken S for the Kingston ICU Journal Club.  The effectiveness of right heart catheterization in seriously ill patients.  JAMA 1997; 277:  108-113.

Heyland DK, Drover JW.  A prospective randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trial of immunonutrition.  Crit Care Med 2000; 28:906.

Drover JW. SESAP question not correct. CJS 2004: 47; 149.

Heyland DK, Drover JW, Dhaliwal R for the for the Canadian Clinical Practice Guidelines Committee. Does the addition of glutamine to enteral feeds affect patient mortality? CCM 2006; 34: 2031-2032.


Presentations:
Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons Annual Meeting, September 1992, Mechanisms by which antireflux surgery prevents gatroesophageal reflux?.

Critical Care Medicine, Royal College of Phsicians and Surgeons Meeting, September 1992.  "Acute colonic pseudoobstruction with overdose of psychoactive medication".

Seventh Annual, Critical Care Nurses of Southeastern Ontario Meeting.  May 1993.  "The Bubbles and Bends of SCUBA".

Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons Annual Meeting, Critical Care Medicine residents day, September 1993.   "The Bubbles and Bends of SCUBA".

Percutaneous Dilational Tracheotomy, ENT Grand Rounds, October 27, 1997.

Blood Conservation in Surgery:  Grand rounds for surgery and anaesthesia, Etherington Auditorium, KGH, April 15, 1997.

How to Use Palm Handheld Computers to Enhance Medical Education. Chen B, Drover JW, Shelley ES and Lee HK. Canadian Association for Medical Education Annual Meeting, Toronto, April 30, 2001.

Parenteral Nutrition in Critical Care. Consensus Conference on Nutrition Practice in Critical Care. October, 2001, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Sepsis and Activated Protein C. Quinte Region Monthly Rounds, Belleville, Ont, May 9, 2002.

Optimizing the benefits and minimizing the risks of parenteral nutrition. Canadian Society for Clinical Nutrition, Vancouver, Canada, April 2003.

Nutrition in severe pancreatitis. Symposium on severe pancreatitis. Canadian Surgery Forum, Vancouver, Canada, September 2003.

Optimizing the benefits and minimizing the risks of parenteral nutrition. Toronto Critical Care Medicine Symposium, Toronto, Canada, October 2003.

Optimizing the benefits and minimizing the risks of parenteral nutrition. Symposium on Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Critically Ill Patient. Nutrition Week, Las Vegas, NV, February 2004.

Nutrition in the Critically Ill. State of the Art Course 2004, American Thoracic Society, Washington, D.C. March 2004.

Peri-operative nutrition. Invited CME event, Newmarket, Ontario, April 2004.

Step down units: The killing fields. Ottawa-Kingston Critical Care Day, April 2004.

Clinical Practice Guidelines: Are they all they are cracked up to be? Nutrition Week, Orlando, 2005.

Activated Protein C in Sepsis. Canadian Surgery Forum, September 2005.

More evidence for the safety and efficacy of post pyloric feeding in the ICU patient. Nutrition Week, Dallas, Texas, February 2006.

Supplementing enteral nutrition with parenteral in critical care. Nutrition Week, Dallas, Texas, February 2006.

Evaluation of a continuous glucose monitoring system in critically ill adult patients. Nutrition Week, Dallas, February 2006.

Maximizing Benefits/Minimizing Risks: Enteral Access, Gastric vs. Post-pyloric Feeds, and Practical Aspects of Enteral Nutrition. CHEST, Salt Lake City, Utah, October 2006.

Practical Aspects of Nutrition Support in the ICU. Guelph, Ontario, November 2006.

ICU Nutrition Best Practice. Teleconference for Ontario ICU's, July 2007.

Nutrition in the Critically Ill. American College of Chest Physicians. Board Review Course, Phoenix, AZ, August 2007.

Percutaneous Dilational Tracheotomy. Invited speaker with associated laboratory demonstration. Memorial University, St. John's, Newfoundland, Novemver, 2007.

International Nutrition QI Project 2007 as part of symposium: Nutrition Practice in the Critically Ill: How can we improve? Clinical Nutrition Week, Chicago, IL, February, 2008.

Guiding Best Practice in the ICU. Abbott Nutrition Night, Abbott Nutrition International, Chicago, IL, February 10, 2008.

Nutrition Therapy for the Critically Ill. Hamilton Health Sciences Regional Critical Care Rounds, Hamilton, Ontario, April 15, 2008.

Nutrition Therapy for the Post-operative patient. Hamilton Health Sciences Regional General Surgery Rounds. Hamilton, Ontario, April 16, 2008.

Pharmaconutrition: An Emerging Paradigm. Clinical Nutrition Week, New Orleans LA, Feb 2, 2009.

Intensive Care Unit: A day in the life. United Hospitals Kingston Foundation Luncheon, Feb 9, 2009.

Nutrition Therapy: Best Practice. 23rd Annual Critical Care Conference, Kingston ON, Apr 27, 2009.

Parenteral Nutrition in the Critically Ill: Optimizing the Benefits, Canadian Society for Clinical Nutrition Annual Meeting, Quebec City, June 1, 2009.

NICE-SUGAR Trial: What's next? Keynote Address, Kentucky Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, Louisville, Kentucky, June 12, 2009.

Nutrition for the General Surgeon: Parenteral Nutrition. Ontario Association of General Surgeons 15th Annual Meeting. Toronto, ON, Nov 7, 2009.

Nutrition for the Critically Ill Surgical Patient. Interdisciplinary Critical Care Best Practices Conference. Rouge Valley Health Center, Toronto, ON, June 2, 2010.

Nutrition for the Surgical Patient: How We Can Do Better. Annual Meeting, Canadian Nutrition Society, Edmonton, AB. June 4, 2010.

Current Strategies of Critical Care Assessment and Therapy of the Obese Patient (Hypocaloric Feeding): What are we doing and what do we need to do? (Discussant with Dr. Robert Kushner) Obesity in Critical Care Workshop, Las Vegas, NV. Nov 12, 2012.

Current Strategies of Critical Care Assessment and Therapy of the Obese Patient (Hypocaloric Feeding): What are we doing and what do we need to do? (Discussant with Dr. Roland Dickerson) Obesity in Critical Care Workshop. Las Vegas, NV. Nov 12, 2012.

Peri-operative Immunonutrition: An update of the evidence. Clinical Nutrition Week. ASPEN Vancounver, BC. Jan 31, 2011.

Surgical Considerations in Enhancing Nutrition Care, Annual meeting, Canadian Nutrition Society, May 24, 2012.

Reducing risk of Infectious Complications: Arginine supllemented diets. Canadian Surgery Forum. Calgary, AB. Sept 14, 2012.

Reducing Dogma, Barriers to Feeding: Preop, Postop, Periop. North American Surgical Nutrition Summit, Phoenix, AZ, Sept 23, 2012.

Perioperative Nutrition - Changing Practice. Western Canada Nutrition Days, Edmonton AB, Oct 26, 2012.

Perioperative Nutrition - What Does the Evidence Say? Western Canada Nutrition Days, Edmonton AB, Oct 27, 2012.

Best Practices for Chairs 101. Specialty Chairs Workshop, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, Ottawa ON, Nov 26, 2012.

Immunonutrition: Evidence for Use in Elective Surgery. International Surgical Conference, Nutrition and Enhanced Recovery in Surgery, Zurich, Switzerland, Jan 12, 2013.

To Feed or Not to Feed in GI Surgery. International Surgical Conference, Nutrition and Enhanced Recovery in Surgery, Zurich, Switzerland, Jan 12, 2013.


Abstracts:
Stone J, Drover JW:  Percutaneous dilational tracheostomy and conventional operative tracheostomy:  A comparison of costs.  William Ersil
Research Day, May 10, 1996.

Howes DW, Brison R, Drover JW:  Proposal for aggressive fluid resuscitation, permissive hypotension, and hypotensive normoperfusion in a swine model of blunt trauma.  Emergency Medicine Resident Research Day, December 1997.

Howes DW, Brison R, Drover JW:  Swine model of hypovolemic shock secondary to uncontrolled blunt trauma.  William Ersil Research Day, May 9, 1997.

Howes DW, Brison R, Drover JW:  Proposal for a swine model for hypovolemic shock secondary to uncontrolled blunt trauma.  Emergency Medicine Resident Research Day, February 1997.

Heyland DK, MacDonald S, Keefe L, Drover JW:  Total parenteral nutrition in the critically ill patient:  A meta-analysis.  Am J Resp Crit Care Med 1998; 157:  A111.

Heyland DK, MacDonald S, Keefe L, Drover JW:  Total  parenteral nutrition in the surgical patient:  A meta-analysis. JPEN 1998; 22:  S17.

Deegan H, Dent S, Heland DK, Keefe L, Drover JW:  Supplemental parenteral nutrition in the critically ill patient:  A retrospective study.  Crit Care Med 1999; 27:  A76.

Heyland DK, Drover JW,  MacDonald S:  The effect of small bowel vs gastric feeding on pulmonary microaspiration and gastroesophageal regurgitation in critically ill patients:  Preliminary results of a randomized trial.  Clin Invest med 1999; 22:  S12.

Wright F, Heyland DK, Drover JW.  The clinical utility of antibiotic-coated central lines in the Intensive Care Unit.  Am J Resp Crit Care Med 2000; 161:  A91.

Heyland DK, Novak F, Drover JW, Jain M.  Enteral immunonutrition in the critically ill patient:  A meta-analysis.  Clin Invest Med 2000;23:  S9.

Keefe L, Drover JW, Heyland DK. Use of a Multidisciplinary, Multifaceted Approach to Aligning Nutrition Practice with "Best Practice" in a Critical Care Setting:  Results of a Seven Year Study.  Nutrition Clinical Practice 2000; 15:  S16.

Wright F, Heyland DK, Drover, JW.  The clinical utility of antibiotic-coated catheters:  Results of an outcomes study.  Clin Invest Med 2000; 23:  S8.

Novak F, Heyland DK, Drover JW, Jain M.  Should Immunonutrition Become Routine in Critically Ill Patients?  A Systematic Review of the Evidence.  Critical Care Med (In press).

Kindopp AS, Drover JW.  Utilizing Capnography for Feeding Tube Placement.
Anesthesiology V93, No. 3A, September, 2000 Abstract #A-486

Martin S, LeBlanc R, Drover JW. Establishing an effective enteral feeding protocol to prevent malnutrition in critically ill patients. Dynamics 2001; 12: 18.

Novak F, Heyland DK, Drover JW, Jain M, Su X:  Enteralni imunonutrioni podpora u kriticky nemocnych:  Systematicky prehled literatury.  (In press)

Heyland DK, Schroter-Noppe D, Drover J, Jain M, Keefe L, Dhaliwal R. Nutrition support practice in Canada: Results of a national survey. Nutrition in Clinical Practice 2002;17:67.

Dhaliwal R, Heyland DK, Drover JW, Jain M, Keefe L and Day A. Determinants of successful nutrition support in the adult intensive care unit setting. Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology, 2002; 16: 407.

Sharpe MD, Parnes LS, Drover JW, Harris C.  Translaryngeal tracheostomy: Experience of 334 cases.  Proceedings of the 105th Triological ANnual mtg,Boca Raton, Florida, may 12-14, pg 10.,2002

Drover JW, Heyland DK, Dhaliwal R, Greenwood J. Optimizing the Benefits and Minnimizing the Risks of Enteral Nutrition in the Critically Ill: Role of Small Bowel Feeding. Critical Care Med, 2003; 31 (Supp): A44.

Heyland DK, Dhaliwal R, Drover JW, Clinical Practice Guidelines for Nutrition Support in the Adult Critically Ill Patient. Critical Care Med, 2003; 31 (Supp): A43.

Drover JW, Mackenzie S, Dhaliwal R, Heyland DK. Early enteral nutrition in critically ill patients: Is there a positive effect on patient outcome? Can J Gastroenterol 2003;17(6):395.

Samis AJW, Heyland DK, Drover JW. Evaluation of two novel strategies for the post-pyloric placement of enteral feeding tubes. Can J Gatroenterol 2003; 17(6): 395.

Drover JW, Mackenzie S, Dhaliwal R, Heyland DK. Early enteral nutrition in critically ill patients: Is there a positive effect on patient outcome? Can J Gastroenterol 2003;17(6):395.

Heyland DK, Dhaliwal R, Day A, Jain M, Drover JW. Validation of Canadian Clinical Practice Guidelines for Nutrition Support in Mechanically Ventilated, Critically Ill Adult Patients: Results Of A Prospective Observational Study. Nutrition in Clinical Practice, 19 (1): 68, February 2004.

Jain M, Heyland DK, Day A, Dhaliwal R, Drover JW. An Update: National Survey of Canadian Nutrition Support Practices. Nutrition in Clinical Practice, 19 (1): 98, February 2004.

Samis AJW, Heyland DK, Drover JW. Evaluation of two novel strategies for placement for post-pyloric placement of enteral feeding tubes. Can J Anesth 2004 51: A8.

Bardell T, Kent WDT, Hopman WM, Drover JW. Complications of percutaneous bedside tracheostomy in 278 consecutive patients. Can J Surg, 47 Suppl: 27, 2004.

Drover JW, Dhaliwal R, Day A, Jain M, Keefe L, Heyland DK. Utilization of parenteral nutrition in Canadian intensive care units: Opportunities for improvement? Intensive Care Medicine 2004; 30 Supp 1: S148.

Samis AJ, Drover JW, Heyland DK. Evaluation of three different strategies for post-pyloric placement of enteral feeding tubes. Intensive Care Medicine 2004; 30 Supp 1: S149.

Dhaliwal R, Cote H, Drover JW, Wischmeyer P, Heyland DK. Glutamine and antioxidant status in patients on admission to ICU: what do we know? Appl Phys Nutr Metab 2006: 31.

Newman P, Holden R, Drover JW, Muscedere J, Heyland DK. Evaluation of a continuous glucose monitoring system in critically ill adult patients. Crit Care Med 2006, 34 (12S)

Dhaliwal R, Muscedere J, Drover JW, Heyland DK. Feasibility of the REDOXS Study: REducing Deaths due to OXidative Stress. A Randomized Pilot Trial of Glutamine and Antioxidant Supplementation in Critically Ill Patients. Critical Care 2007 (in press)

McColl C, Muscedere J, Mahon B, Squires M, Drover JW, Heyland DK. Patient and family satisfaction with care in step-down units. Critical Care. 2007; 11(Suppl 2): 482.

McColl C, Muscedere J, Mahon B, Squires M, Drover JW, Heyland DK. Organizational culture and climate in step-down units. Critical Care 2007; 11(Suppl 2): 481.

Gramlick LM, Alberda C, Jones N, Jeejeebhoy K, Stolossa CJ, Duerksen D, Drover JW, Tremblay A, Dhaliwal R, Heyland DK. Nutrition support in the critically ill Adult: A comparison across body mass index. J Par Enter Nutr 2008, 32; 68-796.

Muscedere J, Drover JW, Jiang X, Day A, Heyland DK.  Persistent Organ Dysfunction Scor (PODS) Plus Death:  A novel, composite outcome measure for critical care nutrition studies.  Clinical Nutrition Supplements 2008; Vol. 3, Supp 1, 37-38.

Dhaliwal R, Drover JW, Muscedere J, Heyland DK.  The REDOXS Study:  Feasibility of pharmaconutrition in critically ill patients. Clinical Nutrition Supplements 2008; Vol. 3, Supp 1, 41.

Jones NE, Gramlich L, Alberda C, Drover JW, Wang M, Day A, Heyland DK.  The Relationship Between Calories Received and Clinical Outcomes in Critically Ill Patients:  Results of an international multicenter observational study.  Clinical Nutrition Supplements 2008; Vol. 3, Supp1, 47-48.

Jones NE, Gramlich L, Alberda C, Jeejeebhoy K, Stoklossa C Johnson, Duerksen D, Drover JW, Tremblay A, Dhaliwal R, Heyland DK.  In Pursuit of the Magic Prescription:  How are the energy requirements of critically ill patients being determined?  Clinical Nutrition Supplements 2008; Vol. 3, Supp 1, 114-115.


Posters:
Howes DW, Brison R, Drover JW:   Swine model for hypovolemic shock secondary to uncontrolled blunt trauma.  MRC Day, Queen's University, October 1997.

Howes DW, Brison R,  Drover JW:  Swine model for hypovolemic shock secondary to uncontrolled blunt trauma.  Critical Care Conference, Toronto, November  1997.

Heyland DK, Drover JW, MacDonald S, Hopman W, Rhymer S, Flynn E, Bannister R.  The effect of small bowel vs. gastric feeding on pulmonary microaspiration and gastroesophageal reflux in critically ill patients.  Royal College of Phyiscians and Surgeons.  September 1999. 

Keefe LA, Drover JW, Heyland DK.  Use of a multidisciplinary multifaceted approach to aligning nutrition practices with best practice in a critical care setting:  results of an eight year study.  American Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition.  Clinical Congress January 2000.

Collier CP, Poenaru D, Ashbury T, Drover J, Houlden R, MacDonald H,  Moffatt S.  Tips at Queen's University: 7 years and no major itches!  ACME-ACTH-CAME meeting, April 2000

Drover JW,  Heyland DK, MacDonald S:  The effect of small bowel vs gastric feeding on pulmonary microaspiration and gastroesophageal regurgitation in critically ill patients.  8th World Congress of Critical and Intensive Care Medicine, 2001

Martin S, LeBlanc R, Drover JW. Establishing an effective enteral feeding protocol to prevent malnutrition in critically ill patients. Kingston General Hospital Critical Care Conference, May 2002.

Samis AJW, Heyland DK, Drover JW. Evaluation of two novel strategies for the post-pyloric placement of enteral feeding tubes. Toronto Critical Care Medicine Symposium, Toronto, Canada, October 2003.

Roussos M, Drover JW, Howes DW. Setting Transfusion triggers in the ICU. Toronto Critical Care Medicine Symposium, Toronto, Canada, October 2003.

Dhaliwal R, Heyland DK, Day A, Jain M, Drover JW. Hyperglycemia kills! Opportunities for improvement in ICU's in Canada? Toronto Critical Care Medicine Symposium, Toronto, Canada, October 2003.

Dhaliwal R, Heyland DK, Day AG, Jain MK, Drover JW. An update: National survey of Canadian Nutrition Support Practices. Nutrition Week, Las Vegas, February 2003.

Drover JW, Mackenzie S, Dhaliwal R, Heyland DK. Early enteral nutrition in critically ill patients: Is there a positive effect on patient outcome? Canadian Society for Clinical Nutrition, Toronto, April 2004.

Weir C, Squires M, Drover JW. Assessing Severity of Illness and Outcome for Patients Admitted to Step-down Units With the Acute Physiology and Chronic Evaluation (APACHE II) Index. Toronto Critical Care Medicine Symposium, Toronto, Canada, October, 2004.

Bardell T, Kent WDT, Hopman WM, Drover JW. Bedside percutaneous tracheostomy: Outcomes in an ICU population. Toronto Critical Care Medicine Symposium, Toronto, Canada, October, 2004.

Newman P, Muscedere J, Holden R, Drover JW, Heyland D. Management of hyperglycemia using an insulin protocol in an adult intensive care unit: A quality assurance review. Toronto Critical Care Medicine Symposium, Toronto, Canada, October, 2006.

McColl C, Muscedere J, Drover JW, Squires M, Heyland DK. Reorganizing Critical Care Delivery: Pre-post Analysis of Step-Down Unit Consolidation Project. Critical Care Medicine Forum, Toronto, Canada, November, 2008.

Drover JW, Cahill NE, Kutsogiannis J, Paglierello G, Wischmeyer P, Wang M, Day A, Heyland DK. Nutrition Therapy for the Critically Ill Surgical Patient: Can We Do Better? Clinical Nutrition Week, Las Vegas, NV, Feb 2010.

Heyland DK, Cahill NE, Dhaliwal R, Wang M, DAy AG, Alenzi A. Aris F, Muscedere J, Ilan R. Drover JW, McClave SM. Enhanced Protein-Energy Provision via Enteral Route in Critically Ill Patients: A single centre feasibility trial for the PEP uP Protocol. Clinical Nutrition Week, Las Vegas, NV, Feb 2010.

Dhaliwal R. Drover J, Muscedere J, Gramlich L, Kutsogiannis J, Rahman A, Jeejeeboy K, Heyland D. Canadian Clinical Practice Guidelines for Nutrition Support in the Critically Ill in 2013: What are the latest recommendations? Clinical Nutrition Week, Phoenix, AZ, Feb 2013.


Clinical Practice, Interests, and Accomplishments:
Participated in a CPR working group that developed and disseminated new guidelines for the application of CPR within Kingston General Hospital.

Led development and implementation of nutrition guidelines and algorithm in the Intensive Care Unit.

Developed the format and content for the Evidence Based General Surgery Journal Club, which occurs on a monthly basis.

Led proposal for and implementation of continuous renal replacement therapy in the ICU at Kingston General Hospital.

Led (with Mae Squires) Concurrent review of Step Down Units throughout KGH (2003).

Co-led planning for development of Enhanced Care Unit (2005).

Chair, School of Medicine Queen's University Self Study for preparation for LCME Accreditation (2007).

Co-led functional programming, planning and construction of new 33 bed ICU at KGH.